North Korea held its second mass parade in little more than a month Monday, with leader Kim Jong-un presiding over a display of goose-stepping paramilitary troops, marching bands and flower-waving civilians.
Leading the parade was the Worker-Peasant Red Guard - a civilian militia with an estimated strength of more than 3 million active members.
At the start of the ceremony, tens of thousands of guards gathered in tight formation in Pyongyang's Kim Il-sung square, with hundreds of thousands more civilians in the background carrying brightly colored flowers in the pattern of a giant national flag.
Kim's arrival on the viewing platform with senior party and military officials was greeted with the usual thunderous applause and cries of "Mansei" ("Long Live").
It was the second big parade in little more than a month, but unlike July 27 - the 60th anniversary of the end of the Korean War - there was relatively little military hardware on display, with no drive-by of tank units or long-range missiles.
A few rocket launchers were included among the goose-stepping formations of militia men and women, but otherwise the event was dominated by waves of patriotic floats, giant portraits of the leadership and flag- and flower-waving civilians.
Speeches from the podium were more celebratory than aggressive, while still stressing the need to retain a "tight war posture, safeguard the leadership and remain loyal to Kim Jong-un."
"Our republic will flourish under the great and glorious leadership of comrade Kim Jong-un," Prime Minister Pak Pong-ju said.
Kim himself did not speak.
Pyongyang celebrates September 9, 1948 as the founding day of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
The parade came as US basketball star Dennis Rodman who met Kim last week said Kim has a baby daughter, seemingly guaranteeing the future of a dynasty that has ruled the isolated and impoverished state for three generations.
Kim's wife, Ri Sol-ju, had appeared to be pregnant in pictures issued last year by North Korea's state news agency, although no confirmation was available. She then disappeared from public view, returning in October.
Rodman, who has visited North Korea twice this year and describes Kim as his "friend," told Britain's Guardian newspaper that he had held the baby.
"I held their baby Ju-ae and spoke with Ms Ri (Sol-ju, Kim's wife) as well. He's a good dad and has a beautiful family," Rodman was quoted as saying by the newspaper.
Given the traditional nature of North Korean society, it is unlikely that Ju-ae would succeed her father, although female relatives of Kim occupy key positions in government.